Workplace Harassment : How To Handle

Workplace harassment is a pervasive problem that affects employees across various industries and organisations. It can manifest in various forms, from verbal abuse and harassment to more subtle tactics like exclusion and manipulation. Workplace bullying can have severe consequences, not only for an individual’s mental and physical health but also for their career and overall well-being. Fortunately, there are legal remedies available to address workplace bullying and protect the rights of those who experience it. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the legal remedies for workplace bullying, providing you with the information you need to navigate this challenging situation effectively.

Understanding Workplace Bullying

Before delving into the legal remedies, it’s essential to understand what constitutes workplace bullying. Workplace bullying is a pattern of repeated, harmful behaviours directed towards an individual or group of individuals. These behaviours create a hostile work environment and can encompass various actions, such as:

  • Verbal Abuse

This includes insults, derogatory remarks, name-calling, and offensive comments intended to belittle or demean the victim.

  • Harassment

Harassment may involve offensive jokes, slurs, or unwelcome advances based on the victim’s race, gender, religion, or other protected characteristics.

  • Intimidation

Intimidation tactics can include threats, shouting, aggressive body language, and attempts to instil fear in the victim.

  • Isolation

Perpetrators of workplace bullying may intentionally exclude or isolate individuals from work-related activities, social events, or important meetings.

  • Sabotage

Bullying can extend to damaging a victim’s work, such as hiding their tools, tampering with their projects, or undermining their efforts.

  • Cyberbullying

With the rise of technology, workplace bullying can also occur through emails, social media, or other online platforms.

Recognizing the Signs of Workplace Bullying

Recognizing workplace bullying is the first step in addressing the issue. Some common signs that you may be experiencing workplace bullying include:

  • Feeling constantly targeted or undermined by a colleague or supervisor.
  • Experiencing anxiety, depression, or other mental health issues due to work-related stress.
  • Noticing a negative impact on your work performance, leading to missed deadlines or decreased productivity.
  • Changes in your physical health, such as headaches, sleep disturbances, or gastrointestinal issues due to workplace stress.
  • Feeling isolated or excluded from team activities or work-related discussions.

If you identify with any of these signs, it’s crucial to take action to address workplace bullying and protect your well-being and legal rights.

Legal Remedies for Workplace Bullying

The legal remedies for workplace harassment vary depending on the jurisdiction, the severity of the harassment, and the specific circumstances of each case. It is not decision to keep quiet on the work place harassment whether it is emotional harassment or sexual harassment. One should know how to deal with these sexual and emotional harassment in the workplace. Here are some common legal avenues you can explore:

Internal Company Policies: Begin by reviewing your organisation’s policies and procedures related to workplace harassment and bullying. Many companies have internal mechanisms in place to address and resolve such issues. Follow these procedures to report the harassment to your HR department or a designated authority within the company.

Workplace Safety Laws: In Western Australia, these laws are primarily governed by the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 and the associated Occupational Safety and Health Regulations 1996. These regulations are enforced by the WorkSafe Western Australia, which is the state’s occupational health and safety regulator

Whistle-blower Protection: If you report workplace harassment or misconduct, and you experience retaliation as a result, you may be protected under whistle-blower laws. These laws vary by jurisdiction but generally shield employees who report illegal activities or wrongdoing from adverse employment actions.

Union Protections: If you are a member of a labour union, your union contract may contain provisions that protect you from workplace harassment and harassment. Contact your union representative to explore available remedies.

Consult a Lawyer: If internal company procedures fail to address the issue, or if the harassment continues, it may be necessary to consult an experienced workplace injury lawyer. A Lawyer will guide you by providing legal advice, guide you through the complaint process, and represent your interests in negotiations or legal proceedings.

Documenting Workplace harassment

Whether you choose to pursue internal remedies, legal action, or both, documenting instances of workplace harassment is crucial. Keep a detailed record of the following:

  • Dates, times, and locations of harassment incidents.
  • Descriptions of the harassment behaviour, including what was said or done.
  • Names of any witnesses to the incidents.
  • Any physical or emotional effects you experienced as a result of the harassment.
  • Copies of relevant emails, text messages, or other communications. (If there)

This documentation will be invaluable when presenting your case to HR, an lawyer, or in a legal proceeding.

Steps to Take When Confronting Workplace Harassment

Addressing workplace harassment can be a challenging and emotionally draining process. Here are steps to consider when confronting workplace harassment:

Talk to the Bully: If you feel safe doing so, you may want to address the issue directly with the person responsible for the harassment. They may not be aware of the harm they are causing, and a conversation can sometimes lead to resolution.

Report to HR: If speaking to the bully directly doesn’t work or isn’t possible, report the harassment or bullying to your HR department or the designated authority within your organisation. Provide them with your documentation and any evidence you have gathered.

Seek Legal Advice: Consult with an workplace injury lawyer to understand your legal options and potential remedies. They can help you assess the strength of your case and guide you on the best course of action.

Explore Mediation: In some cases, mediation can be a useful tool to resolve workplace disputes. This involves a neutral third party helping both parties find a mutually acceptable resolution.

Consider Legal Action: Depending on the circumstances, you may choose to file a lawsuit against the employer or the individual responsible for the harassment. Your lawyer can guide you through the legal process.


Workplace harassment is a serious issue that can have devastating effects on individuals. However, there are legal remedies available to address workplace harassment and protect the rights of victims. It’s essential to recognize the signs of bullying, document incidents, and take proactive steps to address the issue. Consulting with an workplace injury lawyer can provide you with guidance and support as you seek resolution and justice in your workplace bullying case. Remember that you don’t have to face workplace harassment alone, and there are resources and legal protections in place to help you navigate this challenging situation.

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